PHP, on the other hand, began in 1994, when the Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf wrote a collection of CGI (Common Gateway Interface) programs in C, which included database and web forms handling functionality. He called this initial implementation, the PHP/FI, standing for Personal Home Page/Forms Interpreter.
A movement would soon develop around it from 1997, changing the name to the recursive acronym PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor and slowly growing the technology into the popular PHP that we all know today.
Server Side and The Front End
Another similarity between the two is their contribution to making websites dynamic. Most sites in the early 1990s were static and often needed a web-master or some other tech-savvy person for updates.
Further technical similarities include having their arrays start from 0 (zero), as well as using double forward slashes ‘//’ for single-line comments and a slash-asterisk combination for multi-line comments, for example, /* comments here */.
Another difference between the two languages is variable scope, which refers to the parts of the program that can see or access a variable. With PHP, every variable has a local scope, unless when declared with the ‘global’ keyword such as ‘global $variable;’.
PHP is great for handling multiple web requests that require accessing information from a database to make decisions. This includes system logins, member dashboards, and management systems, as well as automated online processes, such as bots and web crawlers.
In its defence, PHP boasts a large, active, and very helpful online community, thanks to its open-source nature. This provides dedicated developers, libraries, and working codes to handle the most far-reaching of server-side problems.
PHP works seamlessly with Linux, Apache, and MySQL, often referred to as LAMP. This package is, however, also available for Windows, Mac, and other operating systems.
It provides a powerful, yet simple database access and processing system, which it inherited from Perl. This makes it capable of complex data manipulations with ease. There’s also the PHP_cli package, which offers PHP as a command-line processor, just like Python or Perl, and numerous frameworks and content management systems.
But, if it’s a large and complex project, then PHP will be your best bet. Remember, however, that there’s an abundance of free and open-source CMS systems out there that are PHP-based and may just be what you’re likely to use. An example is WordPress.