Top 50 must-know React Interview Questions and Answers

Off to a React developer interview and wondering what the questions might be? Here is a list of the top 50 questions and their answers.

ReactJS developers are highly sought after and there’s a good reason for that. But you will have to prove your proficiency in the framework to get the job.

The following are frequently asked React development questions and their answers that you should be aware of. It includes everything from the basics to more advanced topics.

Table of Contents

1. What is React?

React is a free and open-source JavaScript library for user interface development, which uses components to create output for single-page applications. React was developed by Facebook (Meta) and is maintained by a developer community.

2. List the important features of React

The most important features of React include:

  1. Ease of use
  2. Quick development
  3. The use of components
  4. JSX
  5. The Virtual DOM
  6. High performance
  7. One-way data binding

3. Where is React’s project repository?

React is a mono-repository that lives at https://github.com/facebook/react. Being a mono-repository means that all its code and other sources are stored in the same place for easier development and management.

4. What is the current stable version of React?

The most current stable version of React from June 14, 2022, is 18.2.0.

5. State the differences between React Native and ReactJS

React and ReactJS are the same, while React Native is built on React. For their differences, React is used in creating dynamic and responsive user interfaces for web applications, while React Native is designed for building applications as mobile apps.

6. What is the difference between an Element and a Component?

A React element is a simple and immutable object created to represent a DOM node. Being immutable means it cannot be changed once it has been created, as it renders to the DOM. A React component, on the other hand, is mutable and produces JSX output once rendered.

7. How do you create a Component?

There are two ways to create a component in React: 1.) Function components and 2.) class components. As the names imply, a function component is created using a function declaration, while a class component is created using a class declaration.

//function component
function Hello({ message }) {
  return <h1>{`Function hello, ${message}`}</h1>

}
//class component
class Hello extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <h1>{`Class hello, ${this.props.message}`}</h1>
  }
}

8. List the 4 stages of a React Component

A React component undergoes the following 4 stages in its lifecycle:

  1. Initial Stage – Component construction in the default state with initial props
  2. Mounting Phase – JSX rendering of the component
  3. Updating Phase – Component state changes and application redrawing
  4. Unmounting Phase – Component removal from the DOM

9. Explain what a higher-order Component means

A higher-order component (HOC) is a React methodology for creating components. It uses an existing component to create a new one with extra functionality. In other words, a HOC is a function that takes a component as an argument and returns a new component with added features.

10. What are controlled and uncontrolled components?

A controlled component is a React component that takes its value through props and notifies the system of any changes through callbacks. It is controlled by a parent component that manages its state and passes the values as props to the controlled component. An uncontrolled component, on the other hand, manages its state, and you will need to query the DOM using ref to get its value.

11. What are Props in React?

Props in React is just a simple way of saying properties, and by that, you are referring to the properties of a component. Props are used to pass data from a parent component to one or more child components, and they are read-only to the child component.

12. What are props.children?

The Props.children attribute contains information on all the contents of a component that has an opening and a closing tag. These children refer to all elements that are defined inside the current component, and can be one, many, or none.

13. Can you update props in React?

No, props in React are top-down and immutable. This means that a component can send any properties it likes to its children, but it cannot update its props. Only its parent can update its props.

14. What is JSX?

JSX stands for JavaScript XML. It is a JavaScript syntax extension that makes it possible to write HTML inside react code. The browser does not understand JSX anyway, so React has to render it into readable HTML code.

15. What is the Difference Between A Component and An Element

An element is a stateless and immutable definition of a virtual DOM node. It contains both a type and property, but no methods like a component has. This lack of methods makes it fast.

16. What is a state in React?

A state in React refers to an in-built object in a component that is used to hold and manage information about that component. A state can change over time, and will thus trigger a re-rendering of that component. You have to define the state in the component’s constructor method, or else the component becomes stateless.

17. What is a stateless Component?

A stateless React component does not have a state. This means that you can neither set its state with this.setState() method nor have it rendered. A stateless component can have props though.

18. How do you update a state in React

You update a component’s state by calling its this.setState() method.

19. Explain React’s Strict Mode

React’s strict mode is a tool that helps the developer discover potential problems in the application by activating deeper-level checks on components and highlighting more warnings. Strict mode is only available in development mode only.

20. What does Lifting State Up in React Mean?

It means letting child components share a common state from their parent, as this makes things easier to manage than for each child component to individually manage the common state.

21. How do You Pass Data in React?

You pass data in React using props and callbacks. React’s props are unidirectional, allowing properties to pass only from parent components to their children. To pass data from a child component to a parent, you have to use a callback function.

22. Define Flux in React

Flux is a unidirectional concept for directing the flow of data in an application. Being unidirectional means that data can only pass from parent to children components. Flux can also include multiple data stores per app.

23. Define Redux in React

Redux is a helpful open-source JavaScript library for managing complex states in an application. It is independent and can be used in other frameworks such as Angular. Unlike Flux, Redux centralizes an application’s state management, thereby making it easier to build complex UIs.

24. When Should You Use Redux?

Not all apps need Redux. But it is helpful in the following conditions:

  1. When you have large amounts of application states in your app
  2. When your app’s logic is complex
  3. When your app has a large codebase
  4. When you have to update the app frequently
  5. When you have many people working on the app

25. What’s the Major Difference between Redux and Flux?

The major difference between the two is that Redux manages all application data from a single store, while you can have multiple stores under Flux.

26. List the Components of Redux

There are 4 major parts of Redux:

  1. Store – This is where you store the application state.
  2. Action – These are events that cause the app to send data to the Redux store.
  3. Reducer – This is a function that accepts the current app state and an action as arguments, then returns a new state as result.
  4. Middleware – This feature allows a developer to capture all actions from a component before they reach the reducer function.

27. What are React Hooks?

React hooks are a feature of function components that allow you access to different React features, such as state data and rendering updates. It was introduced in React 16.8.

28. List the type of Hooks in React

There are 15+ hooks in React, starting from the basic hooks like useState, useEffect, and useContext to additional hooks like useCallback, useReducer, useMemo, useRef, and so on.

29. What are Fragments?

A React fragment is a convenient way to group multiple child elements in a component, without adding them to the DOM. You simply define the tag using:

<> </>

or

<Fragment> </>

and load all the child elements you want inside. The only difference is that the short-hand version <> does not accept keys and attributes, while the long version does.

30. List the main methods of the react-dom package

They are the createPortal() for rendering children into an external DOM and the flushSync() for flushing updates. There are also the render() and hydrate() methods, which have been replaced by createRoot() and hydrateRoot() since React 18.

31. What are React Keys?

Keys are unique identifiers that are best used to manage lists. Keys make it easy to identify the individual items in a list and to know when each item has been updated, deleted, or changed in any way.

32. Why are React Keys Important?

Keys are important in React because it helps in the efficient rendering of the real DOM. React is good because it tries to minimize which components it re-renders after an event, and using keys on a list prevents React from having to re-render entire lists, which can be a problem with large lists.

33. What is an Event in React?

An event is any action in an app that comes from either the user or the system. An event can range from a mouse click or tap on mobile devices to a window resize, key press, drag, focus, and so on.

34. Explain what Synthetic Event Means

A synthetic event is a wrapper around a browser’s native events, with the problem being that different browsers name their events differently. React uses synthetic events to avoid the problem of having to create multiple implementations and methods for all the different browsers out there. This way, React maintains common names for all the different browser events as a unified API.

35. What is Webpack?

Webpack is a module bundling system used to combine and minify JavaScript and CSS files. It is built on Node.js and is helpful when working with a large number of files or non-code assets like images and fonts.

36. What Is The create-react-app?

Create-react-app is a tool that helps you to create a single-page React application in your Node.js environment. It generates all the files and folders that you need to start a basic app and you take it from there. It requires Node version 14.0.0 upwards and npm from ver. 5.6.

Usage is simple:

npx create-react-app myNewApp

cd myNewApp

npm start

37. Can You Render Server Side with React?

Yes, you can, although it can get resource intensive for large projects. Server-side rendering is helpful as it improves user experience and SEO. You will need a Node.js environment, a bundler like Webpack, and a framework like Next.js and Remix to render React apps at runtime. A solution to the intensive resource usage is to use a static site generator, such as the Next.js-based Gatsby.

38. Explain What An Arrow Function Does

An arrow function is simply a shorter way of defining functions. It is an ES6 shorthand that replaces:

= function() with ()=>.

For instance:

test = function(){

return “This is a test”;

}

then becomes:

test = () => {

return “This is a Test”;

}

or for single-line statements:

test = () => “This is a Test”;

39. What is a React Router?

React router is a library that provides routing functionality in a React app. It makes it easy to include and use rich navigational components, which can be very helpful for large or complex projects.

40. What Are the Main Advantages of using React Router?

It creates different url paths for your app and provides window.location values and a history object.

41. What is ComponentWillUnmount()?

This is a component method that gets called whenever React is about to destroy the component. It is a nice place to clean up stuff, clear timers, cancel network requests, and handle other important deinitialization issues.

42. What is The Constructor()?

The constructor is the component’s method that gets called during the component’s initialization. It is typically used for initializing local states and for binding event handler methods.

43. What is Virtual DOM?

React’s virtual DOM is a lightweight copy of the actual HTML document’s DOM. It is used for efficient management and update of changes on the real DOM.

44. What are the Advantages of Virtual DOM over Real DOM?

The virtual DOM is lightweight and faster to render than the real DOM, and this makes it more efficient to render to the virtual DOM first and only make changes to the real DOM when there is a need. Every node on the real DOM has a corresponding component on the virtual DOM, and once there are changes to a virtual component after rendering, React then knows exactly which real HTML node to update or delete.

45. Explain the term Reconciliation in React

Reconciliation is React’s method of updating the real DOM only when necessary, by checking updated versions of the virtual DOM through diffing and only updating the exact nodes that changed on the real DOM.

46. Explain the term Profiler in React

Profiler is a React tool that helps to optimize an app by measuring how many times an application renders and how long it takes each component to render. This helps the developer to identify parts of the application that may need optimization.

47. Explain the term Context in React

Context is a method of passing data between React components at many levels without having to pass the data through each nesting level using props. It is best used for easy data sharing with many components that do not need constant updates, such as theme information and user data. Its downside is that it can make component reuse difficult.

48. Explain the term Mounting in React

Mounting in React is the process of attaching a component as a node to the DOM. Un-mounting is the opposite.

49. Explain the term Rendering in React

Rendering is the process of drawing a component. It usually occurs when the component’s state changes and React has to redraw the UI. If a component is redrawn during rendering, then its child components get redrawn as well.

50. Explain the term Error Boundary in React

Error boundary refers to a React component that catches the JavaScript errors from its child components, logs the errors, and displays a fallback UI in place of the nodes that crashed. Error boundaries were introduced in React 16.

Conclusion

We have reached the end of this list of the top 50 must-know React interview questions and you should hopefully have a good idea of what you can expect by now.

You should also note that nothing stays the same and your interview can take any direction Therefore, you should keep studying and stay up to date.

Nnamdi Okeke

Nnamdi Okeke

Nnamdi Okeke is a computer enthusiast who loves to read a wide range of books. He has a preference for Linux over Windows/Mac and has been using
Ubuntu since its early days. You can catch him on twitter via bongotrax

Articles: 178

Receive techie stuffs

Tech trends, startup trends, reviews, online income, web tools and marketing once or twice monthly

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.